Biodynamic agriculture is one of the founding trends of organic farming. As early as the early 1920s, farmers were concerned about phenomena such as the degeneration of cultivated plants, the loss of herd fertility or the decline in food quality. They then called upon Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925), an Austrian philosopher and scientist known for being the founder of Anthroposophy, a current of thought that incorporated the psychic and spiritual components of the world into his scientific approach. Rudolf Steiner then gave a series of eight lectures in 1924 known as the Farmers' Course, where he laid the theoretical and practical foundations of this agriculture which seeks to grasp the deep nature of the land, plants and animals for work with respect for them.
It aims to be global, with a strong quest for autonomy, and a work with all the elements and forces of nature. The crucial role of observer allows everyone to apply concrete measures on their farm that are tailored to their needs. These are good agronomic and biological practices, but can also be more specific to biodynamics: biodynamic preparations, herbal teas, respect for cosmic rhythms and nature…
The essential aspect of biodynamics is the use of preparations to stimulate the processes of life in soil and plants. These biodynamic preparations, made from medicinal plants, cow dung or quartz crystals, are used at homeopathic doses for their energetic action, with convincing effects on the composting process, soil structuring, the health of cultivated plants as well as the food and taste quality of the products obtained